All passengers are required to wear a face mask or a visor when taking public transport in Denmark. [28] The gain is estimated to be SEK 6.5 billion per year but this could be increased to 7.7 billion by removing the three biggest obstacles to integration and mobility, the two largest being that non-EU nationals in Sweden are not allowed to work in Denmark and that many professional qualifications and merits are not mutually recognised.[29]. The award-winning double-track railway and motorway opened on July 1, 2000. The railway in Malmö thus uses the Danish standard. The artificial island of Peberholm, constructed as the link between the bridge and tunnel sections, has become a vital habitat for endangered species such as the black-headed gull, which established a colony there with up to a few hundred mating pairs. University of Copenhagen Geological Museum, Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, Schools of Architecture, Design and Conservation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Øresund_Bridge&oldid=999478120, Transportation articles needing translation from Swedish Wikipedia, Articles to be expanded from January 2017, Infobox mapframe without OSM relation ID on Wikidata, Pages using infobox bridge with unknown parameters, Articles containing Swedish-language text, Articles with text in North Germanic languages, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Øresundbron (used by company), Øresundsbroen (Danish), Öresundsbron (Swedish), Jorgen Nissen, Klaus Falbe Hansen, Niels Gimsing and Georg Rotne. Two of these dampers were equipped with laser gauges for ongoing monitoring. Two tubes in the tunnel carry railway tracks, two carry roads and a small fifth tube is provided for emergencies. The EU Commission gave the green light on Monday to the Pfizer/BioNTech coronavirus vaccine for use across the European Union. [4] However, disagreement existed regarding the placement and exact form of the link, with some arguing for a link at the narrowest point of the sound at Helsingør–Helsingborg, further north of Copenhagen, and some arguing for a more direct link from Copenhagen to Malmö. The cable-stayed main span is 491 m (1,611 ft) long. View from sailboat. The Øresund Bridge is a 16 km direct link between Denmark and Sweden. Swedish Health Minister Lena … Single-use toll passes for cars up to 6 meters, or just under 20 feet, in length cost EUR 50 as of April 2018; larger vehicles up to 10 meters in length (32.8 feet) and those towing trailers with a combined length of 15 meters (16.4 feet) or less cost EUR 100. A girder and cable-stayed design was chosen to provide the specific rigidity necessary to carry heavy rail traffic, and also to resist large accumulations of ice. The two pairs of free-standing cable-supporting towers are 204 m (669 ft) high allowing shipping 57 m (187 ft) of head room under the main span, but most ships' captains prefer to pass through the unobstructed Drogden Strait above the Drogden Tunnel. Danish citizens can enter Denmark, according to the authorities. A data cable also makes the bridge the backbone of Internet data transmission between central Europe and Sweden. It is the longest combined road and rail bridge in Europe, running nearly 8 kilometres (5 miles) from the Swedish coast to the artificial island Peberholm in the middle of the strait. After years of debate, in March 1991 Sweden and Denmark signed an agreement to create a crossing. Oresundsbron. to improve transport links in northern Europe, from Hamburg to Oslo; regional development around the Øresund as an answer to the intensifying globalisation process and Sweden's decision to apply for membership of the European Community; connecting the two largest cities of the region, which were both experiencing economic difficulties; It was the inspiration behind the 2014 song ", This page was last edited on 10 January 2021, at 11:15. There are all kinds of reasons to admire the beautiful bridge that links these Scandinavian neighbours and its 7,845-metre length is certainly one of them. According to Tripadvisor travellers, these are the best ways to experience Oresund Bridge: Hamlet And Sweden Tour - Two countries in one day ! If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. The Oresund Bridge is the bridge across the sea between just south of Copenhagen and Malmo in Sweden. [15] However, since 2005, traffic levels have increased rapidly. Prices include a 25 percent VAT. (From USD 143.28) Malmö & Lund Tour, Crossing the Bridge to Sweden (From USD 134.62) Private Bike Tour on the Swedish Countryside (From USD 1,925.99) Walk Malmö with an audio guide (From USD 6.76) The bridge has drastically cut journey times between Sweden and Denmark, making it possible to hop from one country to another in lightning-quick time. However, that project was cancelled in 1978 due to the economic situation,[8] and growing environmental concerns. On July 1, 2000, the combined tunnel and bridge connecting Denmark and Sweden was officially opened. Skånetrafiken has made some adjustments due to the restrictions. The underwater parts of the bridge have become covered in marine organisms and act as an artificial reef. Testing, development and installation of these spring dampers was carried out by specialists European Springs.[20]. A cable-stayed bridge runs nearly 8 km (5 miles) to an artificial island where it transitions into a tunnel that runs another 4 km (2.5 miles). The owner company is owned half by the Danish state and half by the Swedish state. [11] The official dedication took place on 1 July 2000, with Queen Margrethe II, and King Carl XVI Gustaf as the host and hostess of the ceremony. Taxpayers have paid for neither the bridge nor the tunnel, but tax money has been used for the land connections. Border checks also take place at the toll station, and everyone crossing the bridge must carry a passport or driver's license to enter Sweden. After the increase in traffic, these fees are enough to pay the interest and begin repaying the loans, which is expected to take about 30 years. The line is signalled according to the standard Swedish system across the length of the bridge. More information on sst.dk. As such, travellers into Sweden from Denmark (but not travellers into Denmark from Sweden) must show a valid … [4] The governments of Denmark and Sweden eventually signed an agreement to build a fixed link in 1973. Community member This unique roadway connects the Danish capital of Copenhagen to the Swedish city of Malmö. The cost for the Øresund Connection, including motorway and railway connections on land, was DKK 30.1 billion (~€4.0 billion) according to the 2000 year price index, with the cost of the bridge expected in 2003 to be recouped by 2037. It consists of a tunnel from Copenhagen to an artificial island, and a bridge from the island to Malmö in Sweden. The construction of the Great Belt Fixed Link (1988-1998), connecting Zealand to Funen and thence to the Jutland Peninsula, and the Øresund Bridge have connected Central and Western Europe to Sweden by road and rail. The structure has a mass of 82,000 tonnes and supports two railway tracks beneath four road lanes in a horizontal girder extending along the entire length of the bridge. The rail link is operated jointly by the Swedish Transport Administration and Danish railways. Building the Øresund bridge included construction of the elevated section, which extends for about half the length from Sweden; the tunnel (2.5 miles long / 4 km) crossing the rest of the way to Denmark, and a new artificial island named Peberholm linking the two where travelers transition from tunnel-level (on the Danish side) to bridge-level on the Swedish side. Trains operate every 20 minutes, once an hour during the night, in both directions. (From $143.28) Malmö & Lund Tour, Crossing the Bridge to Sweden (From $134.62) Private Bike Tour on the Swedish Countryside (From $1,925.99) Walk Malmö with an audio guide (From $6.76) An earlier version of this article carried a picture incorrectly identified as being of the Oresund bridge between Denmark and Sweden. [23] This led to the enforcement of checks by private security guards at the rail station in Kastrup airport in Denmark, an unpopular move with passengers, due to the delays imposed[24], From 2017, Sweden removed this requirement and instead replaced it with more extensive direct checks by the Swedish police on entry into the country. It was opened in the year of 2000 and links the two metropolitan areas of Malmö in Sweden and Copenhagen in Denmark. In 2007, almost 25 million people travelled over the Øresund Bridge: 15.2 million by car and bus and 9.6 million by train. Travelers can purchase single-use or multiple-use toll passes for the bridge. The Øresund, designed by the Danish architect George K.S. An additional couple of Øresundstrains are operated at rush hour. Both Sweden and Denmark are signatories to the Schengen Agreement, which removes border and passport controls between two participant countries. The Øresund Bridge (locally called Øresundsbron) connects Amager and Oresund in Denmark (on the island Zealand) with Skane, Sweden, a total length of just more than 10 miles (16.4 km). [22], For the rail connection, these checks were initially enforced by legally requiring the train companies to verify the identities of travellers into Sweden, with a fine of SEK 50,000 as punishment for serving those without such identity documents. [12] Because of the death of nine people, including three Danes and three Swedes, at the Roskilde Festival the evening before, the ceremony opened with a minute of silence. The Øresund is an engineering marvel that connects the Danish capital of Copenhagen to the Swedish city of Malmö. Øresund Bridge literally changed the map of Europe. By 2009, the figure had risen to 35.6 million by car, coach or train. Peberholm is a designated nature reserve built from Swedish rock and the soil dredged up during the bridge and tunnel construction, approximately 4 km (2.5 mi) long with an average width of 500 m (1,640 ft). The Öresund or Øresund Bridge (Danish: Øresundsbroen [ˈøːɐsɔnsˌpʁoˀn̩]; Swedish: Öresundsbron [œrɛˈsɵ̂nːdsˌbruːn]; hybrid name: Øresundsbron) is a combined railway and motorway bridge across the Øresund strait between Sweden and Denmark. Around the world many know it simply as The Bridge, the name of the multi award-winning Nordic Noir … The Øresund Bridge (locally called Øresundsbron) connects Amager and Oresund in Denmark (on the island Zealand) with Skane, Sweden, a total length of just more than 10 miles (16.4 km). [27] In 2006, Sweden began work on the Malmö City Tunnel, a SEK 9.45 billion connection with the bridge that was completed in December 2010. 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