Frampton’s engaged theory of the discipline is more important than ever, architecture needs a renewed frame of values in which the ground’s topographic and political nature is fully recognised. In ‘Prospects for a Critical Regionalism’ and in subsequent reworked versions of Modern Architecture, the historian cites projects by the Argentinian Amancio Williams, the Italian-Argentine architect Clorindo Testa and the Venezuelan Carlos Raúl Villanueva, as well as the ‘sensual and earthbound architecture’ of Mexico’s Luis Barragán, whose claim of architecture, landscape and gardening as one is the basis of the topographic dimension of Critical Regionalism – while for Frampton, Barragán remains committed to ‘large, almost inscrutable abstract planes set in the landscape’, his houses ‘are nothing if not topographic’. Intersecting Itineraries Beyond the Strada Novissima: The Converging Authorship of Critical Regionalism. This is not without recalling the plea of the Anglo-American critic and historian Kenneth Frampton who published ‘Towards a Critical Regionalism: Six Points for an Architecture of Resistance’ in Perspecta in 1983, a text that defended an alternative to the threat of universalisation he witnessed at that time. Founded in 1912, The University of Hong Kong is the leading and oldest tertiary institute in Hong Kong. On the campus of the psychiatric hospital, they save a building that had lost its meaning by not only proposing an alternative programme, but carefully keeping the ruin intact. [citation needed], Although supportive of Critical Regionalism attempt to adapt design to local climate, site conditions, and locally-available materials, considering it an improvement in relation to the International Style of Modernism, architecture theorist Nikos Salingaros criticizes its anti-regional and anti-traditional tendencies derived from Critical Theory. One can also understand the compelling character of ‘Towards a Critical Regionalism’ by looking at different contemporary critical readings of the text. But what could it mean to reactivate a text which, it seems, never really died in the first place? Critical Regionalism can be understood in different ways: as a compositional understanding of the ground figure of the project; as an interest in the cultural and material histories of a specific site; or as an awareness of the technical constraints and opportunities that a site can imply. 22 November 2019 Spring 2020 - Architecture Studio VI Juan Herreros. Their intervention is minimal but essential. The Caritas psychiatric hospital by De Vylder Vinck Taillieu. But if he had originally set out his categories to target political repercussions, the text’s critical fortune failed to keep these political objectives alive. Uniquely situated at the crossroads of China and global influence, the Department takes the approach that design is best explored from a sophisticated understanding of both. As Floris recently admitted, the practice is interested in ‘the idea of a structure in which the context resonates, albeit remotely – thus in an abstracted way. Frampton’s call to counter universalisation with specific architecture took form in his essay, which elaborates on several more philosophical points, before making a case for the topographic, climatological conditions of a site, the tectonics of architectural construction, and the tactile sensibility of architecture. Not literally, because we are always looking for the tipping point between the “fitted” and the “unadapted”. Here the aim is to make evident a disruption and loss of place, that is already a fait accompli, through reflection and self-evaluation. Spring 2020 - Modular Anatomy We use cookies to personalize and improve your experience on our site. Yet, according to BC Architects, if these aspects still have value today, it is not due to their opposition to forces of universalisation, but because of their importance for the long-term wellbeing of humankind. Architectural Histories, 4(1), 11. El término también se utiliza como constructivismo internacional para referirse a las corrientes relacionadas con este estilo arquitectónico fuera de la Unión Soviética. The cobbles and shards of marble jostle around existing walls and trees, meandering across the landscape. DOI: "The Theoretical Inapplicability of Regionalism to Analysing Architectural Aspects of Islamic Shrines in Iran in the Last Two Centuries", "Unified Architectural Theory: Chapter 6", Critical Analysis of "Towards a Critical Regionalism", The Theoretical Inapplicability of Regionalism, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Critical_regionalism&oldid=999872592, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. One of the best examples of Purism, this painting, as Kenneth Frampton has argued, "encapsulates more succinctly the [movement's] iconic ethos" by showing an ideological celebration of industrial civilization and exhibiting the "ready-made" lexicon of everyday life as an aesthetic discourse. In the early years, the University was host to four Faculties: Arts, Engineering, Medicine and Science. Extensively sketched from different angles in colourful ballpoint pens, the minimal intervention in the Caritas psychiatric hospital by De Vylder Vinck Taillieu shores up the building while keeping the ruin intact. More information on how to do this can be found in the cookie policy. But beyond that, Frampton’s text has a compelling character: it frames new forms of practices and new imperatives linked to place and context. Operating both in Belgium and in several locations in Africa, BC’s projects are embedded in territories and building cultures; they are the result of collaborative processes based on local materials and craftmanship. [8] Douglas Reichert Powell's book Critical Regionalism: Connecting Politics and Culture in the American Landscape (2007) traces the trajectory of the term critical regionalism from its original use in architectural theory to its inclusion in literary, cultural, and political studies and proposes a methodology based on the intersection of those fields. There are many reasons for diving into old archives, dusty closets and faded smelly books. Kenneth Frampton. ", co-authored with Judith Butler, Spivak proposes a deconstructive alternative to nationalism that is predicated on the deconstruction of borders and rigid national identity. In Dimitris Pikionis’s landscaping of the routes winding up to the Acropolis in Athens in the 1950s, stones salvaged from local buildings were laid in a seemingly haphazard yet carefully considered arrangement. Within a context then dominated by the powerful winds of Postmodernism, Frampton aimed to give attention to architects who had been relegated to the periphery of a system centred on star figures working in specific areas of Europe. Our understanding, however, is that regionalism has to protect and re-use traditional form languages. Sabrineh Ardalan Clinical Professor of Law. In her 2007 work "Who Sings the Nation-State? The late 1940’s and the 1950’s were characterized by the city’s dramatic expansion due to emigration from China and the needs of the industry. The pursuit of great ideas such as the ‘international style’, ‘modernism’, ‘regionalism’ or the ‘vernacular’ is no longer sufficient to give direction to the great common efforts that architectural projects are today’. British architect and historian Kenneth Frampton has attempted to "establish the beginning of the period." There is a tendency to split the field into two poles: either the reduction of architecture to maximise profit or a parallel reduction of built form to a kind of “fine art writ large” to sustain the “society of spectacle” as Guy Debord called it’. In the case of Aalto, Frampton discusses the red brick Säynätsalo Town Hall (1952), where, he argues, there is a resistance to universal technology and vision, affected by using the tactile qualities of the building's materials. The firm looks for a certain autonomy of the object, allowing themselves to ‘enrich the vocabulary of architecture with more exotic, imported motifs, which are emphatically not locally inspired’. The Ghent-based Belgian firm Architecten De Vylder Vinck Taillieu testifies to this approach with their project Caritas (AR September 2018). 3-7- Kenneth Frampton: Critical Regionalism Theory. Keneilwe Ramaphosa, Chutiporn Buranasiri, Meissane Aude Kouassi. In his book Modern Architecture: A Critical History, Kenneth Frampton separates Le Corbusier’s body of work into two chapters, leading up to 1930 and from 1930-1960. Three covers of Architectural Design during Kenneth Frampton’s tenure as technical editor address his concern for the local in an increasingly global context (left to right): Switzerland (September 1962); UK issue (November 1962); Recent Work of Mies van der Rohe in the US (January 1964). Frampton’s call for a location-specific architecture was not averse to rejecting or ignoring Postmodernism’s taste for ambiguity, irony, signs and symbols. universal civilization) versus the specially-designed, 'uneconomic', organic, reinforced concrete shell of the interior, signifying with its manipulation of light sacred space and 'multiple cross-cultural references', which Frampton sees no precedent for in Western culture, but rather in the Chinese pagoda roof (i.e. But, for Frampton, clearly not interested in sentimental architecture, Critical Regionalism also needs to be situated in an ideological perspective. Tom Avermaete, Veronique Patteeuw, Hans Teerds, Lea-Catherine Szacka (eds), This page was last edited on 12 January 2021, at 10:58. Klikk her for å søke i Oria uten å velge institusjon According to Frampton's proposal, critical regionalism should adopt modern architecture, critically, for its universal progressive qualities but at the same time value should be placed on the geographical context of the building. It is a progressive approach to design that seeks to mediate between the global and the local languages of architecture. Since 1896, The Architectural Review has scoured the globe for architecture that challenges and inspires. The stylings of critical regionalism seek to provide an architecture rooted in the modern tradition, but tied to geographical and cultural context. And as European norms strongly influence local building practices, in Europe Critical Regionalism helps to re-establish the link between facade and construction, between energy norms and tectonics, between embeddedness and contemporaneity. Architecture and Ideas, Turkey, Pillar of the community: Comunal Taller de Arquitectura, Mexico, Outrage: the vernacular can lead to a toxic, reactionary culture, Remote control: Álvaro Siza in South Korea, Álvaro Siza Hall by Álvaro Siza, Carlos Castanheira and Jun Sung Kim, South Korea, Amore Pacific Campus by Álvaro Siza, Carlos Castanheira and Kim Jong Kyu, South Korea, House on Jeju Island by Álvaro Siza, Carlos Castanheira and Kim Jong Kyu, South Korea, Saya Park by Álvaro Siza and Carlos Castanheira, South Korea, Circle of life: Flores & Prats’ Sala Beckett theatre in Barcelona, Musical theatre: Nevill Holt Opera House, UK by Witherford Watson Mann, Reputations Live: Stephen Parnell on Alison and Peter Smithson at the Soane Museum, Reputations Live: Rowan Moore on Lina Bo Bardi at the Soane Museum, Setting the record straight: Galería OMR in Mexico City by Max von Werz, Mateo Riestra and José Arnaud-Bello, Through the grapevine: Estació Enològica in Felanitx, Mallorca, Spain by Aulets Arquitectes, Treetop retreat: Young Professors’ Club, Zhejiang, China by the Architectural Design & Research Institute of Zhejiang University (UAD), AR December 2019/January 2020 on New into Old + Preservation, Down to earth: earth building in Europe and Africa by BC Architects & Materials & Studies. painting theatrical scenery) and should be on the sense of touch rather than visual sense. Several contemporary architectural practices position themselves deliberately towards the many faces of Postmodernism. Nikolas Bowie Assistant Professor of Law Stylianos Giamarelos (2016). They succeed by operating through three different offices: BC Studies elaborate specific analyses for the site, in close collaboration with local craftsmen, while BC Materials expand on these analyses to actually produce building materials, and BC Architects design the projects and supervise them. Vincent B. Canizaro," Architectural Regionalism: Collected Writings on Place, Identity, Modernity, and Tradition," (2007) Princeton Architectural Press. To achieve their objectives, BC need to bypass regulations proscribing the execution of the project designed. Critical regionalism is an approach to architecture that strives to counter the placelessness and lack of identity of the International Style, but also rejects the whimsical individualism and ornamentation of Postmodern architecture. Shuhan Liu. True regionalism has to free itself from any global form language imposed from above, and from any forces of uniformization and conformity."[7]. But for Monadnock, context is not everything. Frampton’s most important text still provides a valuable framework and compelling character for young practices operating in our age of uncertainty. Deborah Anker Clinical Professor of Law. Kenneth Frampton, "Towards a Critical Regionalism: Six Points for an Architecture of Resistance", in. Alex Tzonis and Liliane Lefaivre, "The grid and the pathway. Kryss av hvis du ikke vil at denne meldingen skal vises igjen! This text draws on OASE 103: Critical Regionalism Revisited (May 2019), and ‘Topographic Architecture: Kenneth Frampton’s Interest in the Ground’ by Véronique Patteeuw, from Being the Mountain, Actar, 2020, This piece is featured in the AR November issue on the Foreign + Emerging Architecture – click here to purchase your copy today, The 16-strong shortlist includes emerging practices from the UK, Ireland, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Brazil,…, Working at the intersection between the global and the local, foreignness and…, Now twenty years old, the AR Emerging Architecture awards persist in their…, An archaeological park in Zhejiang province by Office Off Course juxtaposes strident…, Terrain Architects’ body of work in Uganda, although defined by its response to…, 19 November 2019 By Anna Livia Vørsel, Estudio MMX have been shortlisted for the AR Emerging Architecture awards 2019.…, A chicken coop in Erzincan, Turkey, is among a plethora of diverse…, 21 November 2019 By Eleanor Beaumont, By sharing the authorship of their architecture with the local people with…, 22 November 2019 By Charles Holland, Architecture is praised for being vernacular, but merit may come from standing…, 3 December 2019 By Philip Christou, Although sometimes thousands of miles from his studio in Porto, the buildings…, Siza’s projects are known for their sensitive and delicate responses to the…, A sense of movement within spatial boundaries creates beauty on a campus…, This idyllic summer house was crafted by Portuguese carpenters and shipped and assembled…, A collection of small projects in a rural landscape, 4 December 2019 By Edwin Heathcote, In spite of a desire to appear to embrace foreigners and foreignness,…, 10 December 2019 By Rafael Gómez-Moriana, New into Old 2019 Winner: the refurbishment of Flores & Prats’ Sala Beckett in…, New into Old 2019 Highly Commended: delicately nestled in an old stable yard, Witherford…, Join us at the Soane Museum on Wednesday 22 January 2020 for the next talk…, The Reputations Live series continues at the Soane Museum on Wednesday 12 February,…, Sponsored feature: an introduction to architectural practice in Tibet by Professor Chen…, 13 December 2019 By Juan Carlos Cano, New into Old 2019 Commended: Deploying a light-touch approach, three young architects have revamped the…, 13 December 2019 By Eleanor Beaumont, New into Old 2019 Commended: Aulets’ transformation of the Estació Enològica in…, 13 December 2019 By Lauren Teixeira, New into Old 2019 Commended: In an era of rampant development in…, Flores & Prats | Witherford Watson Mann | Rural Urban Framework +…, Looking past the moment of completion, the AR explores what it means…, Breaking out from the narrow confines of the typical architectural practice, BC has branched…. As technical editor of Architectural Design (beatween 1962 and 1965), Frampton had the ambition of pursuing an ‘encyclopaedic’ editorial policy. You can opt out of some cookies by adjusting your browser settings. In "Towards a Critical Regionalism: Six points for an architecture of resistance", Frampton recalls Paul Ricoeur's "how to become modern and to return to sources; how to revive an old, dormant civilization and take part in universal civilization". Lucian A. Bebchuk Professor of Law. These borderline manifestations may be characterised, after Abraham Moles, as the “interstices of freedom”’. That ambition would result in 31 issues of AD focusing on the development of modern architecture in peripheral situations, including extensive features on non-European territories such as Chile, Brazil and Mexico. According to Alexander Tzonis and Liane Lefaivre, critical regionalism need not directly draw from the context; rather elements can be stripped of context but used in unfamiliar ways. Glenn Murcutt's simple vernacular architectural style is representative of an Australian variant to critical regionalism. Although England and the US were still covered comprehensively, under Frampton’s direction, the geographical focus of the magazine shifted predominantly to continental Europe and Latin America, featuring extended articles on specific regions, architects and single buildings. But Frampton’s search for a third way also needs to be understood in a different light. Hal Foster, "Postmodernism: A Preface", in, Kenneth Frampton, "Towards a Critical Regionalism: Six points for an architecture of resistance", in. [1], Critical Regionalists thus hold that both modern and post-modern architecture are "deeply problematic". L’architecture constructiviste est un mouvement architectural qui s'est développé en Union soviétique dans les années 1920 et 1930.Elle allie une technologie et une ingénierie avancées avec une optique communiste affirmée. At the last Venice Architecture Biennale, Yvonne Farrell and Shelley McNamara awarded the Golden Lion for Lifetime Achievement to Kenneth Frampton, arguing that: ‘through his work, Frampton occupies a position of extraordinary insight and intelligence combined with a unique sense of integrity’. Intersecting Itineraries Beyond the Strada Novissima: The Converging Authorship of Critical Regionalism. A second example of critical readings by architects who attempt to go beyond the initial objectives of the text can be found in the work of the Brussels-based firm BC Architects. An introduction to the work of Dimitris and Suzana Antonakakis". Their critical regionalist character lies not so much in the built forms, nor in the embeddedness of their projects, but in a methodology enriched by these three branches. One of which is of Western writers, like Curtis, whose definitions are not encompassing enough to analyse architectural styles especially in the last two centuries in the Islamic countries, like Iran. In their fearless storytelling, independent critical voices explore the forces that shape the homes, cities and places we inhabit. Frampton writes: " The more rigorously one searches for the origin of modernity...the further back it seems to lie. The intervention, essential in preventing the building from collapsing, becomes fully expressed through the lens of tectonics emphasised through their atypical colours. Download Review 2020 / Prospectus 2021 The Department of Architecture educates students in an active culture of service, scholarship and invention. This is revealed by the rational, modular, neutral and economic, partly prefabricated concrete outer shell (i.e. Caritas proposes a contemporary language embedded within an architecture of slowness: the architects have a long-term contract as ‘gardeners of the building’ for years to come. The Dutch firm Monadnock, for instance, oscillates consciously between architectural autonomy and site-specificity. Frampton’s advocacy for buildings that would be sensitive to the existing conditions of the site, was intended as a political tool to counter the commodification of architecture into a global consumer product. Widely distributed, the text was reworked and republished in a number of journals. His Marxist reaction to universalising capitalisation, and his refusal of Western architecture’s hegemonic turn towards history, led him to develop a theoretical apparatus that would enable an architecture of resistance. Emphasis, Frampton says, should be on topography, climate, light; on tectonic form rather than on scenography (i.e. Under this rubric, architecture empowered by the digital is being reduced to instrumental calculation. Since the early 1960s Frampton’s interest had gone beyond the borders of the old continent. Yochai Benkler Professor of Law. Oren Bar-Gill Professor of Law. Frampton advanced his interest in peripheral conditions in5 several edited publications and essays: ‘It is my contention that Critical Regionalism continues to flourish sporadically within the cultural fissures that articulate in unexpected ways the continents of Europe and America. Kenneth Frampton Endowed Lecture Series ... which explores contemporary theory in a unique combination of coordinated seminar sessions taught by current Architecture PHDs and guest lectures. And while the current state of ecological transition confronts the profession with short cycles and economies of means, local materials, building knowledge and craftsmanship become more and more appealing if not necessary. La arquitectura constructivista, en un sentido amplio, comprende varios movimientos arquitectónicos que estuvieron activos en la Unión Soviética desde alrededor de 1917 hasta mediados de la década de 1930. Critical Regionalism became all too soon a historical document, understood as a poetic, acritical and apolitical interest in peripheral conditions. As such, Critical Regionalism proposed a set of disciplinary categories that aimed at understanding architecture beyond aesthetic universalisation. So while the work of Monadnock is indebted to Frampton’s Critical Regionalism, it also criticises what Job Floris and Sandor Naus consider as some of the historian’s omissions. Nikos Salingaros states that "In practice, critical regionalism willfully perpetuates the form languages of Modernism. [2], In "Towards a Critical Regionalism: Six points for an architecture of resistance", Frampton recalls Paul Ricoeur's "how to become modern and to return to sources; how to revive an old, dormant civilization and take part in universal civilization". In the age of Greta Thunberg and digital activism, a rising interest in ‘degrowth’ and a taste for cultivating the slow and the local are invading all spheres of Western culture. Two examples Frampton briefly discusses are Jørn Utzon and Alvar Aalto. This is to prevent unambiguity and to invite plural readings’. As such, the text provides a framework for younger architectural practices aspiring to a rearguard perspective and aiming at keeping ‘a certain cultural ethic alive’. William P. Alford Professor of Law. In Architecture without Architects (1964), Bernard Rudofsky explores communal architecture: primitive manmade structures honed from centuries of experience exemplifying vernacular richness and respect for the land. The Festschrift, essays celebrating a scholar, can hold the key to the intellectual history of a period—in this case, from the late 1960s to today, and epitomized by the contributions of architect, historian, critic, and educator Kenneth Frampton. Critical regionalism is not simply regionalism in the sense of vernacular architecture. In other words, in the early 1980s Frampton defended ‘critical regionalism’, an architectural position that, within globalising trends, strove for a form of cultural, economic and political independence. Architects are no exception and several practices currently position themselves in response to the age of transition that is ours. Kenneth Frampton Endowed Lecture Series ... Adam Frampton. Visit our Privacy Policy and Cookie Policy to learn more. Practice co-founder Ken De Cooman states it eloquently: ‘A project is an AND/AND/AND/AND story, in which the social, the ecological, the economic, the cultural and the temporal must be dealt with simultaneously. Frampton’s text was first and foremost a call for an architecture of arrière-garde, an architecture not driven by the quest for newness and invention, but by a certain lateness, an alternative to the well-known role of the avant-garde architect as the 20th century had defined and cherished. Indeed, Frampton’s informal, grounded architecture and tectonics has become a driving force for a number of contemporary architects. ... (Fourth Edition) / Kenneth Frampton. Interested in sentimental architecture, Critical Regionalism Belgian firm Architecten De Vylder Taillieu! Operating in our age of transition that is ours of vernacular architecture themselves in response to work... 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