To the north is the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. It is the second deepest port in the world. The heat, however, is greatly modified on the coast by the south-east trade winds. Other rivers in the state include the Turiassu (or Turiaçu) which runs just east of the Gurupi, emptying into the Baía de Turiassu; the Mearim, Pindaré, and Grajaú, which empty into the Baía de São Marcos; and the Itapecuru and Munim which discharge into the Baía de São José. Urbanization: 68.1% (2004); Population growth: 1.5% (1991–2000); Houses: 1,442,500 (2005). View Tiago J. Maranhão’s profile on LinkedIn, the world’s largest professional community. of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland; containing an historical and genealogical account of the nobility of that kingdom, Tocantins-Araguaia-Maranhão moist forests. According to the historian Sven Beckert, the region's cotton exports "doubled between 1770 and 1780, nearly doubled again by 1790, and nearly tripled once more by 1800."[4]. Current local time in Brazil – Maranhão – Timon. Subsequently, Daniel de La Touche, Seigneur de La Rividière was sent to report on the place, and was then commissioned by the French crown to found a colony on the island (Equinoctial France); this was done in 1612. mi. Nome Francinilson Cognome Santos Meireles Nazionalità Brasile Data di nascita 3 maggio 1990 Età 30 Paese di nascita Brasile Luogo di nascita São Luís Posizione For other uses, see, : founded on Wood's ed. The telephone area codes (named DDD in Brazil) for Maranhão are 98 and 99.[19]. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Relação Sumária das Cousas do Maranhão, by Simão Estácio da Silveira, a contemporary account of the early Portuguese colonization of Maranhão, published in Lisbon in 1624 by a leading coloniser, History of the Commerce of Maranhão (1612 - 1895), by Jerônimo de Viveiros, Revista do Instituto Histórico e Geográfico Brasileiro, 1909, Tomo LXXII - Parte I, Chronicle of the Jesuits in Maranhão, by João Felipe Bettendorf, Historical geographical dictionary of Maranhão, by César Marques, Portuguese colonialism in the East Indies, Theory of the Portuguese discovery of Australia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=State_of_Maranhão_(colonial)&oldid=933309322, 1621 establishments in the Portuguese Empire, Articles needing additional references from October 2012, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2015, Brazil articles missing geocoordinate data, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 31 December 2019, at 04:34. The first Europeans to settle it were the French, in 1612, who intended to make it the center of a colony named Equinoctial France, under the command of Daniel de la Touche, Seigneur de la Ravardière, and Admiral François de Razilly. ‘De Caboclos a Bem-te-vis. The population density was 18.6 inhabitants/km2. The coastline east of Baía de São José is less indented and characterized by sand dunes, including the stark dune fields of the Lençóis Maranhenses National Park, as well as restinga forests that form on stabilized dunes. [8], According to the 2010 Brazilian Census, most of the population (74.5%) is Roman Catholic, other religious groups include Protestants or evangelicals (17.2%), Spiritists (0.2%), Nones 6.3%, and people with other religions (1.8).[10][11]. Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics, Marechal Cunha Machado International Airport, "IBGE :: Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística", "Radar IDHM: evolução do IDHM e de seus índices componentes no período de 2012 a 2017", "Genetic characterization of the population of São Luís, MA, Brazil", "Estimativas da população residente nos municípios brasileiros com data de referência em 1º de julho de 2011", «Análise dos Resultados/IBGE Censo Demográfico 2010: Características gerais da população, religião e pessoas com deficiência», "Maranhão conquista o maior índice vacinal contra febre aftosa do...", "Portos e Navios - Itaqui movimenta 16,3 milhões de toneladas de janeiro a outubro", https://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maranh%C3%A3o_(Avis), Relação Sumária das Cousas do Maranhão, by Simão Estácio da Silveira, History of the Commerce of Maranhão (1612 - 1895), by Jerônimo de Viveiros, Revista do Instituto Histórico e Geográfico Brasileiro, 1909, Tomo LXXII - Parte I, Chronicle of the Jesuits in Maranhão, by João Felipe Bettendorf, Historical geographical dictionary of Maranhão, by César Marques, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Maranhão&oldid=993813546, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing translation from Portuguese Wikipedia, Pages using infobox settlement with unknown parameters, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2007, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Articles with Portuguese-language sources (pt), Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Maranhão (Portuguese pronunciation: [maɾɐˈɲɐ̃w, maɾɐj̃ɐ̃w]) is a state in Brazil. After the 1670s Belem became the operational base of the Maranhão governors and it was formally designated the state capital in 1737. History. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. Profilo di Maranhão (30) Operário Ferroviário Esporte Clube (PR) scheda, valore di mercato, statistiche, mercato, carriera e tanto altro Maranhão is the fourth-largest economy in the Northeast region and the 17th-largest in Brazil. Agriculture represents 10.4% of GDP (2015). Portuguese is the official national language, and thus the primary language taught in schools. The purpose of creating this state was to improve military defense in the Northern Region and stimulate economic activities and regional trade with the mainland[citation needed]. 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